Republic of Cuba (1940-1991)


Hello dear reader! This nation page is intended only as a placeholder before a proper, in-depth one can be produced

After its independence from Spain in 1898, Cuba became a de facto colony of the USA. US commercial interests outweighed anything else and several military occupations kept the Cubans in check.

Cuba’s first armored vehicle, the Marmon-Herrington CTMS-ITB1, was obtained from the US in 1942. Through Lend-Lease and other US military aid programs, Cuba also received M3A1 Scout Cars, M3A1 Stuarts, M8 Greyhounds, and M4A3E8 Shermans over the following decade and a half.

Fulgencio Batista had played a key role in Cuban politics since 1940 and he took power in a coup in 1952. His political repression and human rights abuses gave rise to substantial and organized opposition. In 1956, Fidel Castro led a group of 82 fighters into Cuba to topple the US-backed Batista. Despite having dwindled down to 12, including Raul Castro, Camilo Cienfuegos, and Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara, this band of guerrilla fighters succeeded in their objective in 1959.

Although officially a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, Cuba was a Communist country linked with the USSR. This led to direct confrontation with the US, with the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion, Operation Mongoose, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Cuba’s close ties with the USSR resulted in the building up of a respectable armored pool, with T-34/85s, SU-100s, IS-2s, BTR-152s, PT-76s, T-54/55s, BTR-60, T-60s, etc. Cuba used its military might to support revolutionary and liberation movements around the world. Cuban personnel were sent to Algeria, the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Nicaragua, and Syria, to participate in the Yom Kippur War. The most notable Cuban deployment was in support of the MPLA against South Africa in the Angolan Civil War and with Ethiopia in the Ogaden War against Somalia. These external interventions were occasionally contrary to Soviet wishes.

4 replies on “Republic of Cuba (1940-1991)”

During 1948, the Nicaraguan govt. acted as a purchasing agent for Israel, at the time fighting its war of independence, and acquired 12 20 mm A-A- guns which were delivered to the new state. In 1956, when Nicaragua almost went to Honduras, Israel sold the former 45 T17E1 armored cars of a vast number of weapons captured Fromm Egypt in the war of 1956. C.1958 28 of these were sold by the Nicaraguan Cuba.

This Cuba page is currently acting as a placeholder until a more in-depth page can be researched and written. This information will be present in that article.

Gareth (TE Manager)

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