Medium/Heavy Tank M26 Pershing

United States of America (1944) Medium/Heavy Tank – 2,212 Built A bit late for WWII The M26 Pershing descended from a long series of medium and heavy tank prototypes, dating back from 1936. During the war, heavy tank development had been long delayed or given low priority since the US Army, USMC and Allied forces required…

M18 76mm GMC Hellcat

United States of America (1944) Tank Destroyer – About 2,507 Built Historical Background As the United States army entered World War II, it drew certain conclusions from Germany’s quick victories over Poland and France. One was that a highly mobile tank destroyer force needed to be held in reserve to deal with sudden Panzer breakthroughs…

M10 3inch GMC

United States of America (1942) Tank Destroyer – 6,706 Built Early development After their first encounters with the Soviet KV-1s and T-34s, the German Army was poised to revise its tank design and take immediate action to bolster their firepower and protection. On one hand, they up-gunned the Panzer IV, which became the staple of…

Medium Tank M4 Sherman

United States of America (1941) Medium Tank – ~49,234 Built Quantity and quality The M4 Sherman (named after the famous American Civil War general William T. Sherman) is one of the few really iconic fighting vehicles of the Allies during World War Two, and one of the most famous tanks in history. But while this…

Medium Tank M3 Lee/Grant

United States of America (1941-1942) Medium Tank – 6,258 Built A Lend-Lease stopgap tank The Lee/Grant never achieved the fame of the Sherman. This was due to its very roots and the role it played during the war. Born as a replacement for the unsuccessful M2 Medium Tank (1938), which never left the American soil, the M3…

Light Tank M5 Stuart

United States of America (1942) Light Tank – About 8,884 Built Origins: The M3 Stuart The US Army needed a more convincing light tank than the small M2, especially after the 1940 campaign, following a new tactical thinking about armored forces in the USA. A light, fast tank, equipped with one of the most common…

Light Tank M3 Stuart

United States of America (1940) Light Tank – About 13,860 Built Origins: from the “Combat Car” to the M2 In September 1939, the US Army was ill-prepared as far as armored vehicles, training and tactics went. Soon, it became clear that a new model, which could be favorably compared to the European models, had to…

A.22, Infantry Tank Mk.IV, Churchill

United Kingdom (1941) Infantry Tank – 7,368 Built The last “infantry tank” The A.20 British infantry tank design was a prewar General Staff specification, meant to be a replacement for both the Matilda and the recent Valentine. Just like the former, it incorporated typically trench-warfare features. It was envisioned as slow (infantry pace), heavily protected…

Infantry Tank Mk.III, Valentine

United Kingdom (1939) Infantry Tank – About 6,855 Built Genesis: A cruiser with increased protection The British tank doctrine split tanks into Light Tanks, used for reconnaissance, Cruiser tanks, fast and well armed, meant to act as the cavalry of old, and Infantry tanks, slow and heavy, meant to support the infantry. The A.11 Infantry Tank…

A.12, Infantry Tank Mk.II, Matilda II

United Kingdom (1937) Infantry Tank – 2,987 Built A complete overhaul of the infantry tank concept The former Infantry Tank Mk.I was a product of the 1929 financial crisis, a rather limited and compromised vehicle, badly suited to real battlefield operations. In 1936 it entered production. During the very same year, another parallel specification (A.12)…

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