T-72 Ural-1 in Romanian Service

Socialist Republic of Romania/Romania (1978-2005) Main Battle Tank – 31 Purchased from USSR Romania is relatively well-known for its own tank development projects, such as the TR-85-800 and TR-77-580, the latter entering production in 1978. Yet, just the previous year, after increasing pressure for rearmament for the Warsaw Pact members, the Socialist Republic of Romania…

TMA-83

Socialist Republic of Romania (1984-1990) Medium Artillery Tractor – 200+ Built The TMA-83 (Tractor Mijlociu de Artilerie, Eng: Medium Artillery Tractor) was a Romanian medium artillery tractor meant to replace Soviet artillery tractors in service, but also work side by side with Soviet counterparts, namely the ATS-59 and ATS-59G. However, due to mechanical problems with…

TAR-76

Socialist Republic of Romania/Romania (1977-2005) Light Artillery Tractor – Around 100 Built The TAR-76 (Tractor de Artilerie Românesc, Eng: Romanian Artillery Tractor) was a light Romanian artillery tractor meant for towing 122 mm, 152 mm howitzers and their crews, as well as 57 mm AA guns. It was based on recycled Soviet AT-L tractors and…

4K51 Rubezh in Romanian Service

Socialist Republic of Romania/Romania (1987-2024) Anti-Ship Coastal Defense Missile System – 4 Purchased While Romania’s topography consists mainly of great plains crossed by the Carpathian mountain chain, Romania has an opening to the Black Sea stretching over 245 km. For centuries, this opening has proved crucial for the local population, offering a great trading route…

Obuzierul autopropulsat românesc, Model 1989

Socialist Republic of Romania/Romania (1987-1992) Self-Propelled Howitzer – 42 Built Model 1989 at the Mizil factory. Source: MFA Starting in the 1950’s, the Republica Populară Română (English: ‘Romanian People’s Republic’) tried to lessen the mighty Soviet economic and cultural grip as a response to Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization campaign. After Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, leader of the Romanian…