T-55

Soviet Union (1958) Main Battle Tank – 27,500 Built The most produced tank in history? Still classed as a medium tank, the T-54 was clearly a superior design to the T-44. Nowadays it is seen as an all-out classic of the Cold War. The T-55 version, which appeared in 1958, was the sum of all…

105mm Gun Tank M60

United States of America (1960) Main Battle Tank – 15,000 Built A logical evolution of the M48 The M60 looks, at first glance, very much like the M48 designed five years earlier, and for good reasons. It was nothing more than an evolution of the type but modified too extensively in too many ways to…

90mm Gun Tank M48 Patton III

United States of America (1955) Medium Tank – Around 12,000 Built A real departure from the M47. Third in line to be named after US Army’s ardent promoter of tanks during ww1 and legendary commander during WW2, the M48 was a development of the M47 Patton (or “Patton II”). It was born soon after it…

90mm Gun Tank M47 Patton II

United States of America (1950) Medium Tank – 8,576 Built First real postwar US MBT The M47 was a relatively short-lived MBT (then called “medium tank” created to replace the M46 Patton/M26 Pershing and the M4 Sherman). It was widely produced to fit the needs of the US Army, US Marines, but also NATO nations…

76mm Gun Tank M41 Walker Bulldog

United States of America (1951) Light Tank – 5,500 Built Development history On November, 7, 1950, the US Ordnance Committee Minutes (OCM) published the #33476 item. This was a new classification between the heavy (120 mm gun), medium (90 mm), and light tank (76 mm), according to their main armament. At the same time, a…

FV4007 Centurion

United Kingdom (1945) Main Battle Tank – 4,423 Built Too late for WW2 The Centurion was simultaneously the last of the cruiser type and the first main battle tank. It was one of the most influential design in history, the embodiment of Darwinian evolution in solid cast steel, summed up in a few years of…

Universal Carrier

United Kingdom (1934-1960) Tankette – ~113,000 built Origins: The Carden-Loyd Mk.VI tankette The early Carden-Loyd tankettes from 1933 were the very basis for the Universal Carrier. Originally, these machines were invented by Major Giffard LeQuesne Martel, who developed a prototype privately, for potential requests from the Royal Army Corp. He was a military engineer and a…

KV-1

Soviet Union (1939) Heavy Tank – 5,219 Built Heavy tank and “deep battle” concepts in the USSR The concept of “deep battle”, which contained the doctrinal use of the Soviet heavy tank, was first theorized during the late twenties, then refined and eventually adopted by the Red Army Field Regulations in 1936. The tactical deep…

IS-3

Soviet Union (1944) Heavy Tank – 2,311 Built The peak of the Soviet heavy tank line The IS-3 was only superficially a major departure from previous heavy tanks, with a lineage including the KV-1 (1939), KV-1S, KV-85, IS-1 and the IS-2. The IS-3 had a new front hull and a new turret shape which became…

IS-2

Soviet Union (1943) Heavy Tank – 3,854 Built A new standard in hell: The IS-2 As the escalation between German and Russian engineers reached a new point with the introduction on the German side of the Panther and Tiger, and the knowledge that something bigger was brewing, the IS-2 was pressed into introduction as soon…

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