XLP-20

Brazil (1977) AVLB – None Built In 1976, Brazil built its first bridgelayer, known as the XLP-10. The XLP-10 was based on a modernized Stuart hull, also known as an X1 hull, and carried a 10 m long bridge which could support up to 20 tonnes. Realizing that the capacity of this bridge was fairly …

Spähpanzer 1C

France/Federal Republic of Germany (1955?-1961) Anti-Tank Reconnaissance Vehicle – 1 to 2 Prototypes Built With the formation of the Bundeswehr in 1955, the new army of West Germany, a decision was made to acquire small tracked armored reconnaissance vehicles for use in the so-called Panzeraufklärungstruppe (Armored reconnaissance troop). The Schützenpanzer (Kurz), somewhat loosely translated as …

EE-9 M4 APFSDS Testbed

Federative Republic of Brazil (1985) Wheeled Reconnaissance Vehicle – 1 Built In 1984, Engesa initiated the development of an APFSDS (Armor Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot) round for the low pressure 90 mm gun of the EE-9. Why exactly Engesa entered such an endeavor is unknown, as kinetic energy projectiles are usually not viable for …

EE-9 M4 ET-25

Federative Republic of Brazil (1985) Wheeled Anti-Aircraft Vehicle – 1 Built As the Iraq-Iran War was raging on, Iraq was searching for anything which might be able to swing the conflict in its favor. To accomplish this, Iraq sought help from a rising powerhouse in the defense export world to help bring this advantage. The …

T17 Deerhound

United States of America (1942-1944) Medium Armored Car – 218 Built With the successful employment of wheeled reconnaissance vehicles by Nazi Germany during the Fall of France, demand for such vehicles rose in the United States as well. Multiple branches within the United States military would set out requirements for a reconnaissance vehicle, but it …

EE-9 M2 and M3 Cascavel

Federative Republic of Brazil (1974) Wheeled Reconnaissance Vehicle – 464 Built (M2), 200 Built (M3) While the EE-9 was still in its pre-production stage, known as the CRM, the Brazilian Army considered arming their new wheeled reconnaissance vehicle with a 90 mm gun in 1972. The 90 mm gun would not only make the Cascavel …

EE-11 Urutu with 60 mm Gun/Mortar

Federative Republic of Brazil (Late 1970s) Armored Personnel Carrier – 1 Prototype Built When Engesa started manufacturing the Cascavel and Urutu in the early 1970s, the idea of an armored personnel carrier armed with a 60 mm gun/mortar armed turret was conceived. Such a vehicle was already mentioned in early catalogs and a single prototype …

XLP-10

Federative Republic of Brazil (1976-1988) Tracked Bridge Layer – 5 Built (1 Prototype and 4 Production) In 1973, Brazil began developing the X1 tank, which was completed later that year. From there, the vehicle would spawn multiple variants, from rocket launchers to anti-aircraft vehicles. Another variant of the X1 was the XLP-10 bridge laying vehicle. …

Kanonenjagdpanzer 1-3 (Kanonenjagdpanzer HS 30)

Federal Republic of Germany (1959) Tank Destroyer – 2 Prototypes Built (1 Armored and 1 Mild Steel) When the West German Army, known as the Bundeswehr, was reformed, the decision was made to develop a new generation of Jagdpanzers. As the founding officers of the Bundeswehr had roots within the old Wehrmacht of the Second …

MB-3 Tamoyo 3

Federative Republic of Brazil (1989-1991) Main Battle Tank – 1 Built Already from the start of the Tamoyo project for the Brazilian Army, there were requirements for a new tank which was to be armed with a 105 mm or 120 mm gun. As the Tamoyo project progressed, a split seemed to form, as the …